The Baluch are an ethnolinguistically-unique nomadic people who have settled largely in the Iranian Plateau and Arabian Peninsula. Though Baluch-identified persons live throughout the Middle East, they share a unique cultural identity, including a common language, cultural practices, and distinctive form of dress. Despite attempts at codifying the Baluchi language (a branch of Northwestern Iranian languages), it continues to be taught predominantly through oral tradition. Although many states recognize Baluch populations as constituting indigenous peoples, they have not yet been recognized as such by the United Nations (UN) and are therefore unprotected by the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. This lack of recognition is doubly problematic given that in every region in which are found, the Baluch are an ethnic and religious minority, underfunded, discriminated against, and facing cultural jeopardy.